Ancash is rich in history and geology. This abundance is related to the complexity and beauty of its artistic manifestations. It harmoniously combines its perception of the universe, music, and dance; turning celebrations into an art form, recreating myths, strengthening collective recollections as well as putting forth new dreams and desires. Pallas, Shacshas, Wanquillas, Quispecondor, Shaqsha, Caballero de Huari, Chapetones, Capitanes, Negritos, Cuzqueños, Incaicos,and Atahualpas are some of the folk dances that emerge from the Andean imagination which manifests itself in its celebrations, strengthening the culture of an oral tradition that continues to create its own history.
In the Andean region in Ancash and especially in Callejon de Huaylas, it has not been possible to historically prove the origin and diverse influences that have shaped popular manifestations. According to the experts, both music and dance named huayno , have had two ancestral influences, the local one, as well as music and dance brought by the Spanish conquerors.
On the other hand, the sad, melancholic tone found in the music and dance are a result of different cultural manifestations of the Andean peoples. They recall oppressive experiences in the past and the influence of natural disasters and phenomena. It is, however, undeniable that European culture is ever-present, essentially in religious festivities. We must recall that prior to the Spanish conquest, beliefs of the Andean peoples focused on worshiping deities of the universe and Mother Earth or Pacha Mama .
Practicing Catholicism among Andean people leads to carry out yearly religious festivities in which ancients customs come to life. There is another type of cultural manifestation that has been preserved apparently with little variation from external sources. Instruments called roncadoras consist of a drum and flute played simultaneously by a single musician. This music is very different from huayno . It has a martial and even hostile connotation. During Pre-Inca and Inca times, it was used only during marches and when troops were advancing on foot.