In ancient Peruvian civilizations, the Cordillera Blanca mountains were worshiped and served as altars for sacrifices and offerings for various deities, particularly Pachamama. For indigenous people, they used to represent, and still do, a source of life and sustenance . Upon melting, they provide water to the lakes and rivers during the dry season; that is, during the Andean summer months. This allows Cordillera Blanca farmers to have water year round. Unfortunately, due to the El Niño current and climatic changes that our planet has been undergoing, Cordillera Blanca has lost over 15% of its glaciers. This can be certified since several glaciers in Cordillera Blanca have been monitored for several decades.

Of the 711 glaciers inventoried in Cordillera Blanca in 1970, 663 were located within the HNP. They were found on a surface area covering 721 square kilometers.

There are 27 peaks over 6,000 m. (19,680 ft.) within the HNP. At 6,768 m. (22,200 ft.) Huascaran South is the Highest Tropical Mountain in the World. Here, there are also hundreds of peaks over 5,000 m. (16,400 ft.) .

The ascent to Huascaran North by Annie Peck in 1908, began the conquest of 6,000 m. (19,680 ft.) peaks, but ended momentarily after World War II. In the fifties, numerous expeditions visited the mountain ranges year after year from June to August.

We can mention several mountains around 6,000 m. (19,680 ft.) known for their level of difficulty: Santa Cruz Grande at 6,259 m. (20,530 ft.), the four Huandoy peaks, Chacrarauju West at 6,122 m. (20,050 ft.), Chacraraju East at 6,001 m. (19,684 ft.), the three Caraz peaks, and Huantsan at 6,339 m. (20,792 ft.). They are climbed less frequently due to their high level of difficulty. Others summits allow us to appreciate their great difficulty on certain faces, such as the North face on Huascaran North, the eastern face on Huascaran South, or Copa's South Face. We should also point out that Cordillera Blanca has peaks that are over 6,000 m. (19,680 ft.) that are less technical and can be climbed with relative ease.

Among mountains over 5,000 m. (16,400 ft.), we should highlight Alpamayo at 5,947 m. (19,506 ft.) considered the Most Beautiful Mountain in the World and the Gracilazo Pyramid. As its name implies, it's a perfect snow pyramid. Due to difficulty, we can mention Taulliraju at 5,830 m. (19,122 ft.), Ulta at 5,875 m. (19.270 ft.), Ocshapalca at 5,888 m. (18,330 ft.), Cayesh at 5,721 m. (18,765 ft.), among others.

Huascarán South

(6 768 m.a.s.l.)

22,200 ft.

Huascarán North

(6 655 m.a.s.l.)

21,828 ft.

Huandoy North

(6 395 m.a.s.l.)

20,965 ft.

Huantsan

(6 395 m.a.s.l.)

20,965 ft.

Huandoy West

(6 356 m.a.s.l.)

20,847 ft.

Chopicalqui

(6 354 m.a.s.l.)

20,841 ft.

Palcaraju South

(6 274 m.a.s.l.)

20,578 ft.

Palcaraju North

(6 180 m.a.s.l.)

20,270 ft.

Palcaraju West

(6 110 m.a.s.l.)

20,040 ft.

Santa Cruz Grande

(6 259 m.a.s.l.)

20,530 ft.

Chinchey

(6 222 m.a.s.l.)

20,408 ft.

Copa Grande

(6 188 m.a.s.l.)

20,296 ft.

Copa Norte

(6 173 m.a.s.l.)

20,247 ft.

Huandoy South

(6 166 m.a.s.l.)

20,224 ft.

Ranrapalca

(6 162 m.a.s.l.)

20,211 ft.

Pucaranra

(6 156 m.a.s.l.)

20,192 ft.

Hualcan

(6 122 m.a.s.l.)

20,080 ft.

Chacraraju West

(6 112 m.a.s.l.)

20,047 ft.

Huandoy East

(6 070 m.a.s.l.)

19,910 ft.

Pucahirca North I

(6 046 m.a.s.l.)

19,831 ft.

Pucahirca South

(6 039 m.a.s.l.)

19,808 ft.

Contrahierbas

(6 036 m.a.s.l.)

19,798 ft.

Quitaraju

(6 036 m.a.s.l.)

19,798 ft.

Tocllaraju

(6 034 m.a.s.l.)

19,792 ft.

Artesonraju

(6 025 m.a.s.l.)

19,762 ft.

Caraz I

(6 025 m.a.s.l.)

19,762 ft.

Caraz II

(6 020 m.a.s.l.)

19,746 ft.

Pucahirca Central

(6 014 m.a.s.l.)

19,726 ft.

Chacraraju East

(6 001 m.a.s.l.)

19,684 ft.

Puntacuernos

(6 000 m.a.s.l.)

19,680 ft.

Yanarangra

(5 987 m.a.s.l.)

19,638 ft.

Alpamayo

(5 947 m.a.s.l.)

19,506 ft.

Ocshapalca

(5 888 m.a.s.l.)

19,312 ft.

Gracilazo Pyramid

(5 885 m.a.s.l.)

19,300 ft.

Ulta North

(5 875 m.a.s.l.)

19,270 ft.

Champara

(5 850 m.a.s.l.)

19,188 ft.

San Juan

(5 843 m.a.s.l.)

19,165 ft.

Taulliraju

(5 830 m.a.s.l.)

19,122 ft.

Rinrijirca

(5 810 m.a.s.l.)

19,056 ft.

 

 

 

 

 
     
 
     
 
     
 
     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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